Online event

April 27 - 29, 2022

18th IEEE International Conference on
Factory Communication Systems (WFCS 2022)


For the first time, WFCS is (virtually) in Pavia, Italy!

The conference, supported by IEEE and IES and led by the Technical Committee on Factory Automation, will be virtually hosted by the University of Pavia in collaboration with the Institute Industrial IT (inIT) of the Technische Hochschule OWL in Lemgo, Germany: due to the current COVID-19 pandemic, the event will be completely online.

WFCS is the largest IEEE conference especially dedicated to communications for (industrial) automation systems. Its main aim is to provide a forum for researchers, developers and practitioners to review and discuss most recent trends in the area and share innovative research directions.

Mark the dates in your calendar, and prepare your submissions!



>>> Submit your paper


The Factory Communication research area is becoming increasingly relevant in last years, with communication playing a fundamental role in many automation systems. New generation technologies, such as 5G/6G, WiFi6/WiFi7, TSN, or OPC UA, open the door to a variety of application possibilities, from general automation to IIoT. On the other hand, due to the high variety of available communication solutions, and the fact that different technologies have usually to be combined together in order to satisfy application requirements, industrial communication systems become highly complex and heterogenous. This condition creates several new challenges that need to be tackled to fully exploit the potential of available communication solutions (including subjects related to network management, traffic optimization, virtualization, energy efficiency, and many others).

The 18th edition of WFCS will focus on all forms of communication supporting automation within factories and in other contexts, especially considering recent developments. WFCS is the largest IEEE conference that is especially dedicated to communication for (industrial) automation systems and aims to provide a forum for researchers, developers and practitioners to review and discuss recent trends in the area and share innovative research directions.

The conference, supported by the IEEE Industrial Electronics Society (IES) and led by the Technical Committee on Factory Automation (TCFA), will be virtually hosted (as an online event) by the University of Pavia (Italy) in collaboration with the Institute Industrial IT (inIT) of the Technische Hochschule OWL in Lemgo, Germany.

Pavia is located in south-western Lombardy (northern Italy, 35 kilometers - 22 miles - south of Milan). The University of Pavia is one of the world’s oldest academic institutions, with its foundations existing as early as the 9th Century.


The conference mainly focuses on: Communication Systems and Technologies; Protocols and Standards for Networked Embedded and Cyber-Physical Systems; Real-time, Safety, Security and Maintenance of Automation Systems and Networks; applying Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning to enhance and Communication Technologies for Industry 4.0; Low-power and Green Communication in Industry; recent advances in research domains with similar communication requirements.

Paper submission

Regular and Special Session Papers: up to 8 double-column pages, following the IEEE conference template.
Work-in-Progress (WiP) Papers: up to 4 double-column pages, following the IEEE conference template.

All accepted regular, special session, and WiP papers that will be presented at the conference will be published in IEEE proceedings and will appear in IEEE Xplore.

   (deadlines below)

Submission of the final versions of papers

The final versions of papers, prepared according to the IEEE conference template, must be checked to verify that they comply with the IEEE rules. Please use the IEEE PDF eXpress tool to check that everything is fine. Accepted papers that fail this check or exceed the allowed number of pages will NOT be included in the WFCS 2022 conference proceedings.
First-time users must create an account, providing 53837X as a Conference ID.

Important dates

Special session proposals:

Deadline: December 17th, 2021
Notifications: December 21st, 2021

Regular and special session submissions:

Deadline: January 14th February 7th, 2022
Notifications: February 28th March 1st, 2022
Final versions: March 12th, 2022

Work in Progress submissions:

Deadline: March 7th March 10th, 2022
Notifications: March 25th April 1st, 2022
Final versions: April 4th April 10th, 2022



WiP Chairs

Mikael Gidlund
(Mid Sweden University, Sweden)
Henning Trsek
(inIT / TH-OWL, Germany)

Publication Chairs

Frank Golatowski
(University of Rostock, Germany)
Sampath Kumar Veera Ragavan
(Monash University, Malaysia Campus, Malaysia)

Publicity Chairs

Davide Giuffrida
(University of Pavia, Italy)
Benedikt Lücke
(inIT / TH-OWL, Germany)

Special Sessions Chairs

Manuel Barranco
(University of the Balearic Islands, Spain)
Stefano Scanzio
(CNR-IEIIT, Italy)

Industry Chairs

David Zhe Lou
(Huawei Tech. Dusseldorf, Germany)
Sebastian Schriegel
(Fraunhofer IOSB-INA, Germany)
Pang Zhibo
(ABB Corp. Research and KTH, Sweden)

Finance Chair

Francesco Benzi
(University of Pavia, Italy)

Local/Technical Support

Ilaria Cabrini
(University of Pavia, Italy)

Technical Program Committee

The Technical Program Committee includes
65 highly qualified members


Conference schedule


3-day schedule

Wednesday, April 27th

Time Event
09:00 - 09:35 Welcome: Opening Session
(Chairs: Tullio Facchinetti, Lukasz Wisniewski)
09:35 - 11:15 Regular Session 1 : Deterministic and Predictable Industrial Communication
(Chairs: Mohammad Ashjaei, Konstantinos Bletsas)

Time Paper Title Authors
09:35 A Model-Based Approach to Automatic Generation of TSN Network Simulations Maxime Samson, Thomas Vergnaud, Éric Dujardin, Laurent Ciarletta, Ye-Qiong Song
10:00 Timing Analysis of TSN-Enabled OPC UA PubSub Patrick Denzler, Thomas Frühwirth, Daniel Scheuchenstuhl, Martin Schoeberl, Wolfgang Kastner
10:25 A Fair Access Mechanism to Support Fragmented Data Transfers in CAN Gianluca Cena, Stefano Scanzio, Adriano Valenzano, Claudio Zunino
10:50 Schedulability analysis for CAN bus messages of periodically-varying size Ishfaq Hussain, Pedro Souto, Konstantinos Bletsas, Muhammad Ali Awan, Eduardo Tovar

11:15 - 12:00 WFCS Community Workshop
(Chairs: Lucas Cioffi, Tullio Facchinetti, Sandra Nam, Lukasz Wisniewski)
12:00 - 13:00 Lunch
13:00 - 14:40 Regular Session 2 : Wireless Networks for Industrial Applications I
(Chairs: Gianluca Cena, Stefano Scanzio)

Time Paper Title Authors
13:00 High Efficiency Wireless-NOMA Solutions for Industry 4.0 Aritz Abuin, Eneko Iradier, Lorenzo Fanari, Jon Montalban, Pablo Angueira
13:25 CONSIP: Consistency Protocol for Hopping Function Exchange and Black listing in TSCH Stefano Scanzio, Federico Bitondo, Gianluca Cena, Adriano Valenzano
13:50 Resilient MQTT to Support Uninterruptible Services Claudio Zunino, Gianluca Cena, Davide Malena, Stefano Scanzio, Adriano Valenzano
14:15 Exploring Audit Data Retrieval Regimens in the Gateway Integrity Checking Protocol Mateus Martínez de Lucena, Antônio Augusto Frohlich

14:40 - 15:00 Coffee Break
15:00 - 16:00 Keynote 1: Communications requirements and trends in the movement to open architecture industrial control systems, Dr. R. Donald Bartusiak
(Chair: Zhibo Pang)
16:00 - 17:30 Industrial Forum : Open and Converged Networks for Industry 4.0
(Chairs: David Zhe Lou, Zhibo Pang)

Time Presentation Title Speaker
16:00 TSN for Industrial Automation
Dr. René Hummen (Manager - Technology & Innovation, Hirschmann Automation and Control GmbH)
Short bio

René Hummen heads the Technology & Innovation department of the Industrial Network Solutions platform at Belden. With his work, René actively shapes the future of Industrial Ethernet and the Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT). He is 5G-ACIA Board member and OPC FLC Steering Committee member. He is also chairman of the OPC FLC Networking Working Group. René’s passions include Time Sensitive Networking (TSN), cybersecurity, and wireless communication. He holds a Ph.D. in Computer Science from RWTH Aachen University.

16:20 Open Process Automation Forum, the inevitable answer
Mr. Jacco Opmeer (Elected co-chair - Open Process Automation Forum, Shell Global Solutions B.V.)
Short bio

Mr. Jacco Opmeer is Principal Automation Engineer at Shell Global Solutions B.V. and is global Subject Matter Expert Process Automation Systems, working on Shell’s Automation Strategies. With his experience for over 30 years in the Oil- & Gas industry, currently he is working in Shell Projects & Technologies on strategical themes related to Process Automation. Jac is leading the Open Process Automation activities in Shell and currently serves as the Co-Chair of the Open Process Automation Forum (OPAF). In OPAF his focus is to create a healthy business environment through the adoption of the O-PAS™ standard. Jac Is also board member in the International Process Automation Users' Association WIB.

16:40 Opportunities and Challenges of the OpenAirInterface 5G Platform for Industrial Wireless Communication Systems
Prof. Jérôme Härri (EURECOM)
Short bio

Prof. Jérôme Härri received a M.Sc. degree and a Dr. ès sc. (PhD) degree in telecommunication from the Swiss Institute of Technology (EPFL), Lausanne. He is currently Professor at the Communication Systems Department, where he leads the Connected Automated Transport System (CATS) team. Previously, he led the Traffic Telematics Junior Research Group at the Institute of Telematics of the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Germany. His research is related to Internet of Things (IoT) and Connected Transportation, including 5G/6G experimental systems, wireless vehicular communication and networking, transportation modeling, positioning and localization, or control system optimization. Jérôme has authored and coauthored over 100 international journal and conference papers and is involved in various national and European research projects related to connected and automated mobility. He is Associate Editor for Frontier in Future Transportation as well as for the Hindawi Journal of Advanced Transportation.

17:00 Panel Discussion on Open and Converged Networks for Industry 4.0
Donald Bartusiak (Collaborative Systems Integration), René Hummen (Hirschmann), Jacco Opmeer (OPAF & Shell), Jérôme Härri (EURECOM), Zhibo Pang (ABB) - Moderator: David Zhe Lou (Huawei)

Thursday, April 28th

Time Event
08:30 - 09:00 Meeting Point
(Chairs: Tullio Facchinetti, Lukasz Wisniewski)
09:00 - 10:00 Keynote 2: Converged networks - the way to a common understanding between IT and OT, Mr. Günter Steindl
(Chair: Francesco Benzi)
10:00 - 10:20 Coffee Break
10:20 - 12:00 Regular Session 3 : Wireless Networks for Industrial Applications II
(Chairs: Hans-Peter Bernhard, Markus Rentschler)

Time Paper Title Authors
10:20 A Cost-Effective Directional Millimeter-Wave Channel Sounder for 60 GHz Industrial Wireless Communications Joseba Osa, Iban Barrutia, Jokin Cifuentes, Iñaki Val, Mikel Mendicute
10:45 Path Loss at the 24 GHz ISM band for Industrial Indoor Environments Smruti Ranjan Panigrahi, Niclas Björsell, Mats Bengtsson
11:10 The Effect of Carrier Mismatch on RSS Ranging and Localization Markus Weissbacher, Thomas Bigler, Albert Treytl, Thilo Sauter
11:35 Barcolits: Barcodes using LED tags and optical camera communications Cristo Jurado Verdu, Victor Guerra, Jose Rabadan, Rafa Perez Jimenez

12:00 - 13:00 Lunch
13:00 - 15:05 Special Session 1 : Advances in Security and Safety of Industrial Network Infrastructures
(Chairs: Hans-Peter Bernhard, Lucia Seno)

Time Paper Title Authors
13:00 Safety Layer Techniques in Wireless Links under Severe Fading Pablo Sanz, Iñaki Val, Pablo Angueira, Jon Montalban
13:25 Improving performance and cyber-attack resilience in multi-firewall industrial networks Lucia Seno, Manuel Cheminod, Ivan Cibrario Bertolotti, Luca Durante, Adriano Valenzano
13:50 An enhanced behavioral fingerprinting approach for the Internet of Things Alberico Aramini, Marco Arazzi, Tullio Facchinetti, Laurence Saint Quentin Ngankem Ngankem, Antonino Nocera
14:15 Investigation of Resource Constraints for the Automation of Industrial Security Risk Assessments Marco Ehrlich, Georg Lukas,Henning Trsek, Jürgen Jasperneite, Christian Diedrich
14:40 A Safety and Security Reference Architecture for Asset Administration Shell Design Ali Mohammad Hosseini, Thilo Sauter, Wolfgang Kastner

15:05 - 15:30 Coffee Break
15:30 - 17:10 Regular Session 4 : Edge and Cloud in Industrial Systems
(Chairs: Gaetano Patti, Luis Miguel Pinho)

Time Paper Title Authors
15:30 Redundancy Concepts for Real-Time Cloud- and Edge-based Control of Autonomous Mobile Robots Jan Nouruzi-Pur, Jens Lambrecht, The Duy Nguyen, Axel Vick, Jörg Krüger
15:55 Traffic Steering in Edge Compute Devices using eXpress Data Path for 5G and TSN Integration Nikhileswar Kota, Krishnanand Prabhu, Dave Cavalcanti
16:20 IP-based Architecture for an Edge Cloud enabled Factory: Concept and Requirements Thomas Kampa, Christian Mueller, Daniel Großmann
16:45 Communication-Control Co-design in Wireless Edge Industrial Systems Mark Eisen, Santosh Shukla, Dave Cavalcanti, Amit Baxi

17:10 - 18:10 Virtual SmartFactoryOWL Tour
(Chair: Lukasz Wisniewski)

Friday, April 29th

Time Event
08:30 - 09:00 Meeting Point
(Chairs: Tullio Facchinetti, Lukasz Wisniewski)
09:00 - 10:00 Keynote 3: Flexible Manufacturing Network and Communication Requirements, Dr. David Zhe Lou
(Chair: Lukasz Wisniewski)
10:00 - 10:30 Coffee Break
10:30 - 12:00 Special Session 2 : Management and Control of Converging of Wired and Wireless Factory Networks
(Chairs: Aamir Mahmood, Arne Neumann)

Time Paper Title Authors
10:30 Machine Learning for Zero-Touch Management in Heterogeneous Industrial Networks - A Review Maxim Friesen, Lukasz Wisniewski, Jürgen Jasperneite
10:55 Impactless Beacon-Based Wireless TSN Association Procedure Pablo Avila-Campos, Jetmir Haxhibeqiri, Ingrid Moerman, Jeroen Hoebeke
11:20 Developing a Translation Technique for Converged TSN-5G Communication Zenepe Satka, David Pantzar, Alexander Magnuson, Saad Mubeen, Mohammad Ashjaei, Hossein Fotouhi, Mikael Sjödin, Masoud Daneshtalab
11:45 WiP paper: Self-Navigating Automotive Production: Using 5G for Automated Driving in Car Assembly Niklas Ambrosy, Julia Rainer, Michael Niebisch, Reinhard German, Lisa Underberg
11:50 WiP paper: An Architecture Concept for Short- and Long-term Resource Planning in the Industry 4.0 Environment Arne Neumann, Marvin Ilian, Tobias Hardes, Lukas Martenvormfelde, Lukasz Wisniewski, Juergen Jasperneite
11:55 WiP paper: Towards a Web-of-Things Approach for OPC UA Field Device Discovery in the Industrial IoT Quang-Duy Nguyen, Saadia Dhouib, Jean-Pierre Chanet, Patrick Bellot

12:00 - 12:30 WFCS Community Workshop
(Chairs: Lucas Cioffi, Tullio Facchinetti, Sandra Nam, Lukasz Wisniewski)
12:30 - 13:30 Lunch
13:30 - 14:15 WiP Session
(Chair: Henning Trsek)

Time Paper Title Authors
13:30 Secure Communication in Factories - Benchmarking Elliptic Curve Diffie-Hellman Key Exchange Implementations on an Embedded System Lisa Gebauer, Henning Trsek
13:35 Side-Channel Watermarking for LoRaWAN Using Robust Inter-Packet Timing: An experimental approach Lukas Vogl, Albert Treytl, Thomas Bigler, Thilo Sauter
13:40 Simultaneous frame transmission for critical LoRaWAN communications Emiliano Sisinni, Paolo Ferrari, Paolo Bellagente, Alessandro Depari, Alessandra Flammini, Marco Pasetti, Stefano Rinaldi
13:45 Using Li-Fi to control Automated Guided Vehicles. Steps towards an industrial market product Véronique Georlette, Juan S Melgarejo, Veronique Moeyaert, Sébastien Bette, Nicolas Point
13:50 On Data Rate Maximization Using Hybrid Rate-Splitting/NOMA Network Diamond Relaying Noha Khattab, Samy Soliman
13:55 Experimental analysis of frequency inverter noise on single pair Ethernet communication Sebastian Schaffenroth, Hans-Peter Schmidt, Alexander Koelpin
14:00 10BASE-T1L Industry 4.0 Smart Switch For Field Devices based on IO-Link Victor Chavez, Jörg Wollert
14:05 Independent WCRT analysis for the Best-Effort class BE in Ethernet AVB Reinder J. Bril
14:10 An evaluation of software-based TSN traffic shapers using Linux tc Santiago Torres, Jérôme Ermont

14:15 - 14:45 Coffee Break (discussion of WiP papers)
14:45 - 15:45 Best Paper Ceremony and Closing Session
(Chairs: Tullio Facchinetti, Svetlana Girs, Marco Porta, Lukasz Wisniewski)

Keynote speakers

R. Donald Bartusiak, Ph.D.
(President, Collaborative Systems Integration, USA)
Title: Communications requirements and trends in the movement to open architecture industrial control systems
Short bio

Don Bartusiak is President of Collaborative Systems Integration, and Co-chair of The Open Process Automation Forum. In October 2020, he retired as Chief Engineer, Process Control for ExxonMobil Research and Engineering with 33 years of experience. From 1977 to 1984, he was a Research Engineer for Bethlehem Steel. At ExxonMobil, he implemented real-time artificial intelligence, linear and nonlinear model predictive control, and real-time optimization applications. From the mid-1990s, he held supervisory or senior technical positions responsible for instrumentation, process analyzers, control systems, and control applications. From 2000 to 2002, he was Adjunct Professor at Rice University.

Don received a B.S. from the University of Pennsylvania and M.S. and Ph.D degrees from Lehigh University. He has published 11 journal articles and is co-inventor on 5 patents.

Professional activities and Awards:

  • Former Director of AIChE CAST Division
  • International Federation of Automatic Control (IFAC) Committee for Chemical Process Control
  • Executive Board Member and Managing Director for ISA
  • AIChE CAST Division Computing Practice Award (2011)
  • ISA Excellence in Leadership Award (2018)
  • IFAC Fellow (2020)

LinkedIn profile:

David Zhe Lou, Ph.D.
(Chief Researcher, Huawei Technologies, Germany)
Title: Flexible Manufacturing Network and Communication Requirements
Short bio

David Zhe Lou graduated as Ph.D. in Electronic Engineering at Ghent University in 2005. In the same year he joined the Alcatel-Lucent Bell Labs as an Innovation Researcher. He had a leading involvement and management role in several European and national research projects (Giant, Smart Touch, Metaverse1, Mistra, Shift-TV, etc.), and standardization bodies (MPEG). In 2016 he joined Huawei Technologies as a Chief Researcher based in Munich, Germany. He is responsible for defining the research strategy, steering disruptive network innovation and coordinating collaboration with industrial and academic partners.

David Zhe Lou is also leading the standardization activities in various SDOs (e.g. ITU-T, IETF, ETSI, etc.). His interests mainly covers IoT/IIoT/I4.0, next generation industrial networking architecture, deterministic communication, network security and privacy, video streaming and transportation, and immersive communication. He is the co-chair of the IIC Networking Task Group & Edge Computing Task Group and has been actively involved in relevant industrial development activities. He has been granted with more than 30+ patents.

LinkedIn profile:

Günter Steindl
(Principal Engineer / Enterprise Architect at Siemens AG, Germany)
Title: Converged networks - the way to a common understanding between IT and OT
Short bio

Günter Steindl, born in 1966, is principal engineer and enterprise architect at Siemens AG. He has been graduated at university of applied Sciences Regensburg, Germany. Since 1990 he is working at Siemens in the context of industrial communication technologies. Since 2000 he is working on Ethernet-based industrial communication technologies as enterprise system architect-principal engineer.

He participated in the activities of the following Working Groups:

  • PI/PNO Committee PROFINET
  • IEC Committee IEC61158/IEC61784
  • IEEE Committee IEC/IEE60802
  • PNO
  • IEEE802
  • IEC61158
  • IEC60802

LinkedIn profile:ünter-steindl-b0455849/.

Prof. Dr. Jürgen Jasperneite    Originally planned - Canceled
(Executive Board member at Institute industrial IT @ University of applied Sciences OWL and Director of Fraunhofer IOSB-INA, Germany)
Title: Quality of Service (QoS) communication present and the future
Short bio

Prof. Dr.-Ing. Jürgen Jasperneite, born in 1964, established Fraunhofer IOSB-INA in Lemgo in 2009 and has been its director ever since. At the same time, he is a board member of the Institute for Industrial Information Technology (inIT) at OWL University of Applied Sciences. At the university, he represents the Computer Networks department in the Electrical Engineering and Computer Engineering faculty.

He studied electrical engineering and received his doctorate in 2002 from the Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Information Technology at Otto-von-Guericke University in Magdeburg with a thesis in the field of performance evaluation of real-time communication systems.

From 1988 - 1989, he worked as a development engineer at Robert Bosch GmbH in Berlin on the construction of a test mobile station for the GSM mobile communications standard, which was still being standardized at that time. From 1989 - 2005 he held various positions in the development department of Phoenix Contact GmbH, starting as an ASIC developer in the field of industrial communication technology and finally as development manager of the Automation Systems division.

In 2005, he followed the call to the newly established professorship for computer networks at the Ostwestfalen-Lippe University of Applied Sciences in Lemgo. From 2007 - 2017, he was the institute director of the newly founded Institute for Industrial Information Technology ( inIT), which he founded together with four colleagues in early 2007.

In 2009, he founded Fraunhofer IOSB-INA in Lemgo, which was expanded between 2012 and 2016 to become Germany's first Fraunhofer application center with financial support from the state of NRW. In 2017, Fraunhofer IOSB-INA became the Institute for Industrial Automation. At the same time, a strategic cooperation with Bielefeld University was sealed.

Prof. Jasperneite has been an IEEE Senior Member since 2006, author/co-author of more than 250 publications, and is a member of numerous committees and program committees of national and international conferences. In 2008 he was awarded the OWL research prize.

Prof. Jasperneite is one of the initiators of the Centrum Industrial IT (CIIT), Germany's first science-to-business center in the field of industrial automation. Furthermore, he implemented the construction of a research and demonstration factory for Industry 4.0 technologies on the campus in Lemgo with the SmartFactoryOWL. Since the beginning of 2018, the IoT real lab LemGO Digital, which he designed, has been in operation as a reference platform for the digital transformation of medium-sized cities.

His current research interests are in the area of distributed real-time processing/communication for intelligent automation.

Prof. Jasperneite is a member of the board of the international PhD program "Intelligent Systems in Automation Technology (ISA)", a joint scientific institution of inIT and the University of Paderborn. Since 2017 he is an invited research fellow of the center for sustainable development and global competitiveness at Stanford University. Since 2021 he is guest professor at STC Research Centre of Midsweden University.

You may find the professional activities of Prof. Dr. Jürgen Jasperneite at

LinkedIn profile:ürgen-jasperneite-916767134/.



  • Author, IEEE-IES member: € 120.00
  • Author, IEEE member: € 140.00
  • Author, non IEEE member: € 180.00
  • Non-author (attendance only): € 0.00 (with t-shirt: € 20.00)

Important dates and information

  • April 17th, 2022: Registration closes for all authors presenting papers (the invitation link to the QiqoChat platform will be sent to registered authors after their registration is complete)
  • April 20th, 2022: Deadline for uploading the material (video, paper, and presentation) on the QiqoChat platform
  • April 26th, 2022: Registration closes for non-authors (the invitation link to the QiqoChat platform will be sent to non-authors after their registration is complete)

More information about registration is available by clicking the Register button below.



The event will be hosted by the QiqoChat online platform. QiqoChat will support the streaming of the sessions, chat among authors, and community sessions (more details later).
The registered participants will receive the invitation link to access QiqoChat by email.

Although the conference will take place in a totally virtual form, we hope you will have the opportunity to visit Pavia in the near future!


For more information, please contact the general chairs Tullio Facchinetti and Lukasz Wisniewski.